Schizophrenia is a mental disorder that interferes with a person’s ability to perceive reality properly. This condition is often associated with hearing voices in your head, but this is a common misrepresentation. Schizophrenia can present with auditory hallucinations but often manifests with visual hallucinations, delusions, and abnormal emotional responses. New studies are suggesting that there may be benefits of the ketogenic diet for schizophrenia.
What Are the Symptoms of Schizophrenia?
Symptoms of schizophrenia are categorized as positive, negative, and cognitive. Positive symptoms are inclusions of sensations that are not real including:
- Hallucinations- experiencing something that is not truly there
- auditory (hearing)
- visual (seeing)
- tactile (touching)
- olfactory (smelling)
- Delusions- the inability to tell what is real and what is imagined
- Erotomanic- these individuals believe another person, most often a celebrity, is in love with them
- Grandiose- these individuals have an over-inflated sense of self-worth
- Somatic- these individuals will believe they have a medical condition that is not actually present
- Jealous- these individuals believe their partner is unfaithful
- Persecutory- these individuals believe that others are after them and mean them harm
- Abnormal and intrusive thoughts
Negative symptoms describe the lack of emotion, that should otherwise be there. This includes:
- Withdrawn emotions
- Reduced feelings
- Abnormal emotional reactions- like laughing or crying at inappropriate times
Cognitive symptoms include dysfunctional cognition. This includes:
- Difficulty thinking
- Short attention span
- Poor memory
Schizophrenia symptoms typically manifest between the ages of 16 to 30 and have several risk factors. Risk factors include genetics, epigenetics, and imbalanced brain chemistry.
What Research Backs A Ketogenic Diet for Schizophrenia?
Research on the influence of the gut microbiome in common disorders has been expanding greatly in the past few years. Recent studies have begun to link schizophrenia symptoms to GI disturbances from immune-mediated reactions. Since the ketogenic has both potent anti-inflammatory properties and eliminates trigger foods (like gluten), studies show it may help reduce symptoms of schizophrenia.
Studies in both animal and human models have shown reduced schizophrenic behavior after following a ketogenic diet. This includes decreased hyperactivity, social ineptitudes, depression, memory, and stereotyped behavior. Similarly, these symptoms have been reduced after the consumption of exogenous ketone supplements.
How Do I Learn More?
For more information about the therapeutic benefits of a ketogenic diet for schizophrenia, check out the Schizophrenia Doctors Guide in Keto Club.
Chelsea Malone works as a researcher in the field of health and performance supplementation. She contributes science-based articles and information to Ketogenic.com. She received her Bachelor of Science in Biomedical Sciences from the University of Central Florida and her Master of Science in Medical Sciences from the University of South Florida. Her specialties are in biochemistry, immunology, and pathophysiology. In her free time, she enjoys cooking, traveling, hiking, and reading.