Read our article for more detailed information on the possible causes of keto flu and what you can do to prevent or diminish it.
What Is Hypoglycemia?
Hypoglycemia is a medical condition in which the body’s blood sugar (glucose) level is significantly lower than normal. Hypoglycemia warrants immediate medical attention.
This condition can be caused by or associated with certain drugs and conditions, including diabetes treatment. People with and without diabetes can experience hypoglycemia .
What Are the Symptoms of Hypoglycemia?
When blood sugar levels dip too low, symptoms include:
- Trouble concentrating
- Numbness or tingling of cheeks or lips
- Dizziness or lightheadedness
- Pale skin
- Nausea and hunger
- Fast or irregular heartbeat
Some of the more severe symptoms are:
- Slurred speech
- Loss of coordination
- Confusion and unusual behavior
- Blurred or tunnel vision
Someone with severe hypoglycemia could become unresponsive and lose consciousness or have seizures.
Get medical attention as soon as you can if:
- You have symptoms of hypoglycemia, but you don’t have diabetes
- You have diabetes, but your condition isn’t responding to treatment like taking glucose tablets
A fasting blood sugar of 70 milligrams per deciliter (mg/dL) or 3.9 millimoles per liter (mmol/L) typically indicates hypoglycemia, but numbers vary depending on the individual. Keeping on top of your blood sugar levels through testing can help you determine where your normal range is and when you might be dipping low.
If you’re ever unsure about your blood sugar levels or diet, or if you have any questions, always visit your healthcare provider.
What Causes Hypoglycemia?
When blood sugar levels spike too high, someone with diabetes might take too much insulin or a diabetes medication that causes blood sugar levels to drop too low. Hypoglycemia can also occur if you have diabetes and you exercise a lot more than normal or if you eat less than you normally do after taking your usual dose of diabetes medication. Other causes of hypoglycemia in people who don’t have diabetes include:
- Severe liver illness
- Long-term starvation
- Tumor in the pancreas
- Hormone deficiencies
- Excessive alcohol drinking
Hypoglycemia can increase your risk of Alzheimer’s disease, and, in some cases, it can be fatal.
When hypoglycemia happens, immediate treatment usually involves getting your blood sugar levels back to normal with a medication or food or drink. Long-term treatment involves determining the cause of hypoglycemia and improving blood sugar regulation through different methods, such as lifestyle.
What’s the Difference Between Keto Flu and Hypoglycemia?